C, 2000, From Globalization to Localization - a Potential Rallying Call,
According to Colin Hines, the core aim of the move to localisation is:
providing basic needs sustainably, improving human rights, reducing the power gaps between different groupings and genders, and increasing equity and democratic control over decision making." p.31
... does not mean walling off the outside world. It means nurturing locally owned businesses which use local resources sustainably, employ local workers at decent wages and serve primarily local consumers. It means becoming more self sufficient, and less dependent on imports. Control moves from the boardroms of distant corporations and back to the community where it belongs." Michael Shuman, Institute for Policy Studies, Washington DC, Going Local, cited in p.28 Hines, C.
His thesis is:
Different approaches are used to define the boundaries and area coming under the term 'local' - ranging from neighbourhoods to regions spanning many miles, for example:
Economic boundaries and political factors
In policymaking, the term local is generally defined by economic boundaries:
"The guiding light for such decisions will be to ensure that production is as local as possible for every country. " p.30
Protect the Local,
Hines proposes seven main interrelated approaches aimed at increasing local control over economies, to be introduced over a suitable transition period p.62):
Specific policies to encourage the move to localism include:
Done by people
According to John Kretzman and John McKnight, 1996, A Guide to Mapping and Mobilizing the Economic Capacities of Local Residents, The Asset-Based Community Development Institute, Illinois.
Local control need not guarantee increased democracy, equality, environmental protection, etc. - times of rising uncertainty may well lead to racism, xenophobia, religious fundamentalism. Yet localism could decrease the insecurities which are the basis of extremists:
Increasing activism for the 'cause' of localism was seen at the WTO talks in Seattle, December 1999. Over 1600 organizations participated in a 'Citizen's Millemmium Round', with the demand that: further trade liberalization be halted, and trade rules reviewed and revised.
Criteria for effective localisation
The Wise Group, in Glasgow, set up in 1984, has pioneered the 'Intermediate Labour Market', more than 12,000 participated in programmes with 6000 going onto a job, have insulated over 115,000 houses, planted 800,000 trees and made more than 35,000 homes more secure.
Business-Community cooperation (p.50)
Business-community cooperation is essential for localisation and could involve:
See, for example:
and know-how: mutuals
Localist Wake-up Call to Political Activists
"At the end of the Second World War in the rich countires as a whole there was a seismic shift. The collapsing effective demand in the Great Depression and its resulting war led to an emphaiss on a massive channeling of national resources into improved social infrastructure, health, education and rebuilding economies with an end goal of full employment and economic security. As general standards of living improved from the 1960s onward, new campaign concerns developed with growing public support. These included concerns about third world poverty, human rights, racism, women's rights and the environment.
"As the world economy worsened for the vast majority, particularly through the 1990s, concerns shifted back to questions of personal security in terms of job permanence, increased crime, community and family breakdown. Nowhere was this more pronounced than in the world's richest country, the US....
"The time appears to have arrived when an economic rethink of the enormity and positive outcome last seen after the Second World War is long overdue. Such a U-turn will occur if it is perceived to be the only way for the huge range of the politically active to achieve their issue-specific campaigns. They can then move from campaign-specific isolation to seeing the mutual advantage of forging themselves into effective alliances. For motives ranging from morality to self-interest, a fundamental change away from globalization towards localization is the way to success for most issues. The strength of such a coalition is that it would range from issues that are of wide and immediate public, business and political concerns (such as jobs and declining demand levels, education and health), to more local issues, eg declining shopping centres. It would also encompass crucial concerns that lose out in times of economic insecurity, such as the environment and reduction of global poverty and inequality.
"The new unified mantra chant needs to emerge from this huge grouping, ranging from international NGOs to local community groups, from small and medium-sized business to unions, from food activists to the culturally concerned. Activists must assert that their campaign demands can only be realized through a move away from distorting national economies to achieve international competitiveness, towards protecting and rebuilding local economies. It's time to lay TINA to rest".
the World Unite - There is an Alternative!"